论文>英语论文>《德伯家的苔丝》悲剧成因探析

《德伯家的苔丝》悲剧成因探析

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《德伯家的苔丝》悲剧成因探析

Causes of Tragedy of Tess of the D’Urbervilles


Contents

Abstract………………………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
Key words……………………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
摘要…………………………………………………………………………..……...….Ⅱ
关键词……………………………………………………………………………..….Ⅱ
Introduction……………………………………………………………………………1
I. Introduction to Thomas Hardy….…………………….………….…………….....2
II. Background of the Novel ……………………………………………………….....3
III. Two Deep Stratifications of Tess’s Tragedy ……………………………………..4
A. Family and Society Caused Tess’s Tragedy …. ………………………………...…4
1. Family Background of Tess ……………………………………...….…………..4
2. Hypocritical Capitalism Morals View and Unequal Legal System……..………5
3. Impoverishment and Decay of Small Farmers …………………...…..…………6
B. Characters’ Analysis in the Novel.....…………………………….……...…………6
1. Tess’s Character …………………………………………………………...…...6
2. Alec and Clare’s Characters…………………………………………………...9
Conclusion……………………………………………………………….…….…….12
Acknowledgements…………………………..……………….…………………......13
Bibliography………………………………………….…...…………….………..….14


Abstract

Thomas Hardy was a famous critical realistic writer at the turn of the 19th century in England; Tess of the D’Urbervilles is the most influential one of all his works. This novel describes a tragic life about one beautiful and pure girl after disgrace. The article describes the society environment, then begins to analysis of characters’ personality and religion factors open out at that time. Tess’s tragic life is caused by that society and it’s the result of that time. Except this, it can’t be separated from her own weakness in character, because she obviously has the dual nature of the society character---resistance and compromise. As a common person, Tess fought with the society helplessly. In the end, she turned out to be the sacrificial victim of society like all other things which disobey the morality and ethic.

Key Words

Tess’s Tragedy; Social Environment; Family Environment; Moral ethic; Character


摘 要

托马斯.哈代是19世纪英国著名的批判现实主义作家,《德伯家的苔丝》是他最为有影响力的一部巨著。该小说主要讲述了一个美丽纯真的少女失身后悲惨的命运。文章通过对小说中社会环境的描写,再从人物性格和当时的宗教原因着手,由此揭露出苔丝悲惨的命运是那个社会所造成的,是一个时代思想,传统,秩序的局限所造成的结果。除此之外,这与她自身性格的弱点也是分不开的,因为她对命运有着反抗的一面也有妥协的一面。所以,作为普通人的苔丝与当时社会的抗争是无助的,最终会像所有一切与道德伦理相悖的事物一样,被沦为社会的牺牲品。

关键词

苔丝的悲剧; 社会环境; 家庭环境;伦理道德; 个体性格
Bibliography

[1]Thomas Hardy. Tess of the D’Urbervilles[M].Beijing: Central Compilation & Translation Press,2004.
[2]Chenxia.. Analysis of the Tragic Mood in “Tess of the D’Urbervilles” [J].Journal of Renmin University of China (social societies), 1998.
[3]Li Jian, Yuanjing. The Reasons of the Tragedy of Tess[J]. Journal of Daqing Teachers’ College, 2005.
[4]Zhang Xiaodong. Talk about tongue silk tragic certainty and meaning[J]. Journal of Chaohu College, 2004.
[5]YuYang. From the Spirit of Revolt of the Tragic View Tess. Beijing: ShangWu Press, 1971.
[6]陈焘宇编选:《哈代创作论集》,北京,中国社会科学出版社,1982.
[7]张中载,《托马斯哈代――思想和创作》, 外语教学与研究出版社 ,1987.
[8]霍恩比著.李北达译:《牛津高阶汉英双解词典》,北京:商务出版社,2002.
[9]张世君,《<德伯家的苔丝>鉴赏》,重庆出版社, 1986.
[10]苏联科学院高尔基世界文学研究所编. 英国文学史1870-1955. 北京:人民文学出版社. 1983.

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